YOGA MAKARANDA PART 2 PDF

This banner text can have markup. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Krishnamacharya About this Document by A. Mohan While reading the document please bear in mind the following: 1.

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Most of the text is a description of 42 asanas accompanied by 95 photographs of Krishnamacharya and his students executing the poses. There is a brief account of practices other than asanas, which form just one of the eight limbs of classical yoga , that Krishnamacharya "did not instruct his students to practice".

The yoga scholar Mark Singleton notes that the book is almost legendary among Pattabhi Jois 's students, though "very few have actually seen it". Hatha yoga , the medieval practice which used asanas yoga postures and other practices such as shatkarmas purifications to gain moksha , spiritual liberation, was despised and in decline by the start of the 20th century. Western gymnastics such as Niels Bukh 's Primary Gymnastics became popular in India, partly as a result of Hindu nationalism which sought to show Indian men as strong.

At the same time, yoga in various forms was being popularised in the West by advocates such as Vivekananda without asanas , Yogananda , and Yogendra. The yoga teacher T. Desikachar , one of Krishnamacharya's sons, explained that his father had intended to write a series of books on yoga, of which this was to have been the first, but the death of his sponsor the Maharaja of Mysore , Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV , in caused the series to be abandoned. He stated that his father had decided to cover practices shatkarmas , purifications such as neti and dhauti "which he himself did not recommend".

He noted that the asanas in the book are described in " vinyasa krama", which was the way Krishnamacharya taught yoga to children in the Mysore palace. Other practices which he strongly endorsed like pranayama and meditation were to be topics of later books and were therefore not covered.

Krishnamacharya's disciple and biographer A. Mohan states that the book was written "in three nights" according to Krishnamacharya's wife, at the behest of the Maharaja.

Mohan notes without comment that the book covers yoga practices other than asanas that Krishnamacharya "did not instruct his students to practice". Yoga Makaranda was published in the Kannada language by the Madurai C. Press in A Tamil edition appeared in Desikachar was published in paperback in and online in The book is introduced with a discussion of why yoga should be practised, the chakras elements of the subtle body on which yoga is said to operate , pratyahara , dharana and dhyana elements of Patanjalis's yoga , and who "has the authority to practise Yoga", which in Krishnamacharya's view is "everyone".

The bulk of the book is taken up with a description of 42 asanas. Each asana is described with some paragraphs of instructions, and illustrated with one or more photographs. The student is instructed how to stand, and which limbs should be straight. For many poses, the claimed medical benefits are then described, without adduced evidence.

The term vinyasa is used with the meaning of "stage in the execution of an asana". For example, Sarvangasana is introduced with the words "This has 12 vinyasas [stages]. The 8th vinyasa is the asana sthiti [the actual pose]. There are four photographs of Krishnamacharya's Yogasala showing the hall and students. The chapter on asanas is illustrated with 95 monochrome photographs, each of an individual performing the named pose.

Many are of Krishnamacharya himself; others are of his students, including T. Sharma as a boy, or of Keshavamurthy, stated by Elliott Goldberg to be his favourite student, who performs difficult poses such as Durvasasana standing with one leg behind the neck.

Krishnamacharya names the asanas, in Sanskrit , by the parts of the body and the stretches involved. The yoga scholar Mark Singleton notes that the book "has quasi-legendary status among contemporary [ Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga ] students of Pattabhi Jois [though] very few have actually seen it". Subhramananya Iyer, which called the book "a result of the many tests conducted under the special orders of the Maharaja of Mysore", in other words that the book "was intended to be, and in practice was, experimental his italics ".

The yoga scholar Norman Sjoman is critical of the book's perfunctory treatment of both academic requirements and yogic practices other than asanas. He comments that Krishnamacharya's list of sources "reveals his relation to tradition", but is "a padded academic bibliography with works referred to that have nothing to do with the tradition he is teaching in". Sjoman gives as an example the recommendations for vajroli mudra which call for "a glass rod to be inserted into the urethra [of the penis] an inch at a time.

His recommendations show that he has most certainly not experimented with this himself in the manner he recommends. The yoga scholar Elliott Goldberg comments that the photographs of Krishnamacharya's schoolboy pupils in the poses "don't truly capture yogins using their body as a tool for spiritual development either.

In fact, the photos demystify whatever spirituality may obtain to the exercises. These references are supplied to indicate the parts of the Yoga Makaranda text being discussed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Krishnamacharya: His Life and Teachings. Boston and London: Shambhala Publications.

The Secret History of Yoga. Retrieved 8 January Centre for Yoga Studies. Retrieved 15 February November Yoga Makaranda - The Nectar of Yoga. Translated by Kausthub Desikachar and T.

Chennai: Swathi Soft Solutions. Yoga as exercise. Competitive yoga International Day of Yoga. Asana Journal Yoga Journal. Yoga brick Yoga mat Yoga pants Lululemon. Ghosh K. Desikachar A. Categories : non-fiction books Modern yoga books. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Languages Add links. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Modern edition, the cover showing Krishnamacharya demonstrating " Yogasana Samasthiti Kramam ".

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Yoga Makaranda by T Krishnamacharya

Every epoch goes through myriad changes. Sometimes positive, while at other moments, negative. In conventional Indian thinking, there exists a belief that whenever a dark period dominates, it heralds the time for a shining light to emerge. Born at a time when traditional knowledge systems were becoming obsolete, he restored Yoga to its former glory, through his dedication, hard work and creativity. His innovations in the domains of health, healing and spirituality have pioneered the entry of Yoga, once an exclusive practice of the mystics, into every household of our time. A prolific writer, he wrote numerous books and articles on various topics of classical Indian Philosophy.

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