The film is titled after the character of Naval. Jaisingh Jadav Marc Zuber , a Delhi-based journalist finds that even to this date, the flesh trade exists in a village in Madhya Pradesh, the victims being girls belonging to the Bhil tribe. Like any avid journalist, he travels to the village, followed by really buying a girl named Kamla Deepti Naval and takes her to his home in Delhi. As his intentions were good, some days later he holds a press conference where he reveals the actual wrongdoings going on in the village.

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With almost same ability and talent they were subdued with the ways of rituals, manners and religious workings. They are learnt and understood that they are nothing but the shadow of men whose only divine works are to beget child, take a better care of their husbands, show great respect towards the elders and maintain various household works.

But sometimes it peeps up through various experiences though for a moment only and vanishes again. And the most important of all the theme of protest as presented by the playwright. Introduction ijay Tendulkar is one of the greatest playwrights of India along with Badal Sarkar, Mahesh Dattani and Girish Karnad who began his journey as a playwright and finalised being a chairman of Sangeet Natak Academy.

In between he wrote 27 full length plays, 24 one-act plays, 16 plays for children, 2 novels and 5 anthologies of short of stories. As a prolific writer he also contributed to essays, political writings, journalism, screen and television writings, translation, social commentaries and novels.

He is best known for his plays Silence! The Court is in Session! They have created a storm and intellectual argument in the society.

The play Kamala is based on a real life incident. A contemporary correspondent of the Indian Express named Aswin Sarin bought a girl from a rural flesh market and exposed her at the press conference.

In the play the incident is the same where Jaising Jadav is the journalist and Kamala is that girl. Tendulkar uses the play as to expose the characteristic sufferings of the Indian middle class women who have made to suffer by the cruel, selfish, cleaver and hypocritical male. Through him we are acquainted with the nature of gender inequality in society. It is obviously a problem play where the problem is in two-folds; one directed towards the buying and selling of tribal women in the post-War India and the other is hinted at the direct question: What is the position of women in Indian society in relation to her husband and home?

The play does not deal with rights of women; rather it sticks to the point of gradual loosening of the women psyche in the patriarchal India. Act one opens with a morning scene. Jaisingh Jadav is a journalist and he has to stay outside to collect outstanding news.

Sarita has been anxiously waiting for his return. It is a boring life in Delhi. She has a maid named Kamalabai for her constant companion. The phone rings again. This time it is Surinder who informs that Jaisingh is coming by the next hour. Sarita is little bit puzzled by this news. She rushes towards the kitchen calling the maid to accompany her.

Kakasaheb is very much eager to meet him as it is rare for him to come to Delhi. He is now worried about the threats coming through phone calls as Jaising has been exposing the secrets of some important people as news.

Soon he asks about the phone calls and Sarita obediently hands him the note book. Sarita enters with a cup of tea. In the press conference in the evening it would be a success. Kakasaheb is watching all these and scents a new trouble. He tells him about the new danger but Jaisingh ignores it like flying a fly. Kakasaheb was himself a journalist by profession, so a kind of eagerness is still there in him.

That girl Kamala enters and like a slave answers all the questions asked to her submissively, politely, with a shy and dropping her head down all the time. Sarita leaves the room for arranging water in the bathroom. Jaisingh follows her. Kamalabai and Kamala are alone in the room.

Kamalabai thinks herself superior to her and she now asks her questions with a kind of dignity in her tone. The movement of the play takes a new turn. Women are commodity. They can be sold in the open market.

Jaising intends to reveal the system of selling women till with a true journalistic attitude. Jaysingh is taking care of her because she will be the front page news from his paper after the press conference.

He better understands his business. Just eat and relax. For two hundred and fifty rupees. Human beings! They have an open auction for women for all sorts of ages. People come from long distances to make their bids. The police know everything but do not admit it. Now it is the duty of the reporters to stir the society with sensational news like this. So he buys her as evidence.

Even when he finds his closest friend Jatin to the door he totally hides the matter from him. In his mind he wants him to leave the house as early as possible. After a while Sarita informs that Kamala is not feeling well and is sleeping.

I want to talk to her. A very minute picture of the relation between a husband and a wife is presented with a graphic detail. Sarita goes inside and brings Kamala with her.

Sarita interrupts when decency matters to that woman. And her sari is torn. Sarita leaves and Kakasaheb enters. A formal talk of his paper business is going on. So why not is it himself? It is his inner consciousness which compels people like him to do that. Sarita enters and the argument ends. She remains happy being a maid. She cannot think of a better situation than which she is in.

She is rather proud of her present state. She asks me, how much did they hire you for? What works do you have to do? Do you know what she said? They should be grateful for their daily bread It actually slaps on the face. Women beware of women. Kamalabai cannot bear Kamala anymore. She prays for her departure. Kamala is a touchstone.

She discloses the true position of Kamalabai by her language. Sarita manages to hush Kamalabai by taking her away. A note of sympathy towards Kamala is slowly growing in her from right now. Two square meals a day and no work to do. A proper roof over her head.

No emotion, no sympathy, no humanity at all. He is rather proud of what he has done with her. He sees only the outward luxury, the mere skin of happiness only. But where will be the peace of mind? Act two opens like the atmosphere which remains calm after a thunderous storm. It is night. The conference is over.

Jaising comes back with Kamala and Jain. The details of the conference are being discussed. And from it comes out how the reporters sack Kamala with all sorts of questions whatever shameless they may be.


A Critical Analysis of Vijay Tendulkar's Kamala

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A dramatic reading from Kamla by Vijay Tendulkar

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