Kalpasutra literally means book of rituals. They mainly contain the biographies of the Jain tirthankaras Mahavir and Parshvanatha. They were illustrated with miniature paintings from the 14th century; and written on paper mostly in Gujarat in India. The Kalpasutra is an important text for the Svetambara sect of Jainsim. The Kalpasutra has three sections.
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At the age of thirty, a Kshatriya Prince from Bihar renounced the comforts of his palace to seek spiritual awakening. Jainism believes him to be the 24th Tirthankara spiritual teacher. The Kalpasutra is the book of rituals , sacred to Jains. The Kalpasutra has 3 parts:. The Kalpasutra is attributed to Bhadrabahu who is said to have composed it years after Lord Mahavira attained Nirvana.
The Kings of the Chalukya Dynasty Solankis were followers of the Jain faith, and commissioned many temples in the region they ruled : Gujarat, and parts of Rajasthan.
With time, painted imagery became associated with religious worship and the rising prosperity of merchants allowed for more art-commissions in the region.
This silk-thread embroidered cover depicts images of 14 dreams witnessed by the Queen Trishala mother of Mahavira , during her pregnancy. In this embroidered piece, each dream of the Queen Trishala is denoted by a symbol. In the first dream, Queen Trishala saw an Elephant. This meant, she would give birth to a child with a strong character. The four tusks signified that he would guide the spiritual chariot with its four components: monks, nuns, laymen, and laywomen.
In her second dream she saw a Bull, indicating that her child would be religious and would help cultivate the strong values. The Lion meant that her child would be as powerful and strong. The characteristics of being fearless, almighty, and capable of ruling the world would be shared by her child. In the fifth dream, the Queen Trishala saw beautiful Garlands descending from the sky.
A moon in the dream of the Queen was meant to indicate the soothing impact of her child in the world. The child would bring peace to the world and lessen the suffering of people. Similarly, a sun in her seventh dream indicated the light of knowledge that would shun the darkness of superstitious beliefs.
These indicated the birth of a compassionate being, who would be held supreme and will be the flag bearer of kindness. The tenth and eleventh dream of the Queen suggested serenity, infinite perception and knowledge, and freedom from worldly matters — the cycle of birth and death. The twelfth and thirteenth dream indicated abundant blessings, honour and respect from heaven and earth.
Forgot your password? Get help. The Heritage Lab. In Pictures : 14 portraits of Rabindranath Tagore. Museums Objects. The Story of Mahavira: Kalpasutra Manuscript. April 17, Painted Manuscripts The Kings of the Chalukya Dynasty Solankis were followers of the Jain faith, and commissioned many temples in the region they ruled : Gujarat, and parts of Rajasthan. Sakra, or Indra, the king of the gods, believed that it was not fitting for a future great spiritual leader to be born to a woman of the brahmin caste and that he should be born instead into a royal family of warrior caste.
Garlands In the fifth dream, the Queen Trishala saw beautiful Garlands descending from the sky. Fire The fourteenth dream Queen Trishala had was of a smokeless Fire. The King Siddhartha had these 14 auspicious dreams interpreted. The learned men foretold the birth of a great spiritual leader. Forsaking his princely position, Mahavira renounced the world and performed the ceremony of plucking out his hair to become a monk.
The swarm of Locusts seen across Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are the latest instalment of the plague-like conditions that India Read more. The fascinating story behind this 18th century portrait of three princesses from Mysore The Heritage Lab - October 20, 0.
This portrait, painted by the Irish-born painter Thomas Hickey, marks a crucial point in India's colonial history, and Mysore, in particular. Each year, millions of muslims from around the world, gather together to undertake the holy journey, "Hajj".
Hajj is also the fifth June 5, June 1,
What is Kalpa Sutra and Why Do Swetambara Jains Read it During Paryushan?
Contributed by Nalini Balbir. The first two parts contain details of the lives of the 24 Jinas , who are the source of Jain teachings , and their early followers. The third part establishes rules for monastic conduct during the rainy season, which is an exceptional period in the life of mendicants. The reasons for this are probably to do with the narrative of the monk's life. Because of their beauty and importance in the literature and practice of the Jain faith, these items are highlights of the manuscripts on the website. This highly respected figure is the centre of many legends and is an early religious teacher famous for his knowledge. But there is no proof of this.
Jaina kalpasutras: some manuscript images
At the age of thirty, a Kshatriya Prince from Bihar renounced the comforts of his palace to seek spiritual awakening. Jainism believes him to be the 24th Tirthankara spiritual teacher. The Kalpasutra is the book of rituals , sacred to Jains. The Kalpasutra has 3 parts:.