The master of a branch of the Nimatullahi order of Sufism in Iran, Dr Javad Nurbakhsh not only furthered the cause of his religion, but was also one of the country's leading psychiatrists. When the upheavals of the Iranian revolution in caused him and many others to emigrate, he continued to organise the practice of Sufism abroad till his death in Britain at the age of Sufism is the mystical tradition within Islam whose followers - Sufis, or dervishes - espouse a religion of love based on poetry, music, and utilising various esoteric contemplative practices, the most important of which is a type of interior prayer of the heart known as dhikr, practised privately. Sufis consider service to society and one's fellow man to be the supreme form of worship, so ethics is also very important in Sufi discipline.
|Published (Last):||6 September 2016|
|PDF File Size:||6.6 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.45 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
He was also a psychiatrist and a successful writer in the fields of both psychiatry and Sufi mysticism. Nurbakhsh was born in the city of Kerman , Iran on 10 December He was initiated into the Nimatullahi Sufi order at the age of sixteen and appointed its sheikh at twenty.
He began his professional career as a medical doctor at the age of 26 when he became head of a local hospital in the southeastern town of Bam, Iran. As well as his revival of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order and his many written works, Nurbakhsh became one of Iran's foremost psychiatrists. Nurbakhsh believed that all are equal in love. According to his obituary in Payvan's Iran news , he "promoted the creed of fraternity and equality of all human beings, regardless of gender, race, nationality and religion.
Nurbakhsh left Iran following the Iranian revolution in , first for the United States , where he established several Sufi centers known as khanaqahs , then moved to Britain in and settled there. Nurbakhsh's work in reviving and organizing Sufism through the Nimatullahi order continued until his death in Britain in After obtaining his psychiatric degree from the Sorbonne , Nurbakhsh was appointed professor of psychiatry at the Tehran University school of medicine,  a position which he held until he retired, along with that of director of the Iranian Medical Council , president of the Iranian Association of Psychiatrists , and head of the Ruzbeh Psychiatric Hospital.
He produced 37 scientific works in the field of psychiatry, as author, editor and translator, along with many articles in scientific journals and a compendium of instructional brochures for the use of researchers, professors and students. According to the Islamic scholar Henry Corbin , Nurbakhsh was known for his "prodigious activity"  in the publication of classical Sufi texts. By , when he left Iran, he had published some eighty books.
He wrote the two part article What is Sufism? Sufism and Psychoanalysis , published in The International Journal of Social Psychiatry ,   which fall into the category of Sufi psychology , bringing together his twin interests in the fields of Sufism and psychiatry. Prior to , according to biographical material on the Order's web site, "he established 70 Sufi centres in most of the major cities and towns of Iran, all set up as charitable organisations according to civil and Islamic law.
A great number of these have since been expropriated under the current regime. Nurbakhsh died in his retreat in the English countryside near the town of Banbury, Oxfordshire, where he spent his final years, and is buried there. He has been succeeded by his son, Alireza Nurbakhsh, a doctor in philosophy from the University of Wisconsin and a practising lawyer in London.
His Sufi sobriquet is Reza 'Ali Shah. The basis of Sufism is consideration of the hearts and feelings of others. If you haven't the will to gladden someone's heart, then at least beware lest you hurt someone's heart, for on our path, no sin exists but this.
Sufism is a path towards the Truth where there are no provisions except Love. Its method is to look solely in one direction, and its objective is God. True lovers prefer the Beloved's desires to their own, being content with whatever the Beloved desires - 'be it cure or pain, union or separation.
The capital of the Path is, in truth, nothing other than sincerity. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kerman , Iran. Banbury , Oxfordshire , England. Sufi orders. List of sufis. Notable early Notable modern Singers. Topics in Sufism. Payvand's Iran News.
Retrieved 1 June Taylor and Francis. The author, Henry Corbin , said that "At present, the khanaqah-i ni'matullahi has Dr. Davad Nuraksh as its 'pole', a man of prodigious activity. Archived from the original on 1 October Retrieved 31 May Archived from the original on 1 August Handbook of Psychiatry. Lap Lambert. Persian literature. Neshat Esfahani Abbas Foroughi Bastami — Edward Haghverdian. Asad Gulzoda. Muhammad Iqbal. Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since are classified as contemporary.
At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. Today it is the official language of Iran , Tajikistan and one of the two official languages of Afghanistan. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
He was also a psychiatrist and a successful writer in the fields of both psychiatry and Sufi mysticism. Nurbakhsh was born in the city of Kerman , Iran on 10 December He was initiated into the Nimatullahi Sufi order at the age of sixteen and appointed its sheikh at twenty. He began his professional career as a medical doctor at the age of 26 when he became head of a local hospital in the southeastern town of Bam, Iran. As well as his revival of the Nimatullahi Sufi Order and his many written works, Nurbakhsh became one of Iran's foremost psychiatrists. Nurbakhsh believed that all are equal in love.
Similar authors to follow