An umbilical hernia creates a soft swelling or bulge near the navel. It occurs when part of the intestine protrudes through the umbilical opening in the abdominal muscles. Umbilical hernias in children are usually painless. An umbilical hernia occurs when part of your intestine bulges through the opening in your abdominal muscles near your bellybutton navel.
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An umbilical hernia is a hernia that happens when part of the intestines bulges through the abdominal wall next to the belly button. A hernia is an opening or weakness in the wall of a muscle , tissue, or membrane that normally holds an organ in place. If the opening or weakness is large enough, a portion of the organ may be able to poke through the hole.
With an umbilical hernia, the opening is found near the belly button, at a part of the abdominal wall called the umbilical ring. The umbilical ring is a muscle that surrounds the belly button. During pregnancy, the umbilical cord flows through the umbilical ring to deliver blood and nutrients to the developing baby. The umbilical ring normally closes shortly after birth.
This can cause a bulge near the belly button, especially when someone cries, coughs, or strains. Umbilical hernias are most common in newborns and infants under 6 months, but they can also affect older kids and adults.
They usually heal on their own by the time a baby is 1 year old. Surgery is only necessary if the hernia is very large; grows in size after age 1 or 2; fails to heal by age 4 or 5; or if blood flow to the part of the intestine sticking out gets cut off.
In most instances, an umbilical hernia causes no pain or problems and usually closes up on its own by age 2. Surgery is rarely necessary and long-term complications are rare, but any suspected hernia should be examined by a doctor. Note: All information on KidsHealth is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor.
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About Us Who We Are. Patient Stories. Get Involved. Health Alerts: Coronavirus. Health Library. Flu Information. Nutrition Videos. Injury Prevention. Locations Main Campus. Satellite Locations. Emergency Care. Urgent Care. A to Z: Hernia, Umbilical A to Z: Hernia, Umbilical An umbilical hernia is a hernia that happens when part of the intestines bulges through the abdominal wall next to the belly button.
More to Know A hernia is an opening or weakness in the wall of a muscle , tissue, or membrane that normally holds an organ in place. Keep in Mind In most instances, an umbilical hernia causes no pain or problems and usually closes up on its own by age 2. All A to Z dictionary entries are regularly reviewed by KidsHealth medical experts. Health Library Search. Contact Us. Make a Donation. Connect with Rady Children's.
Hernia - Umbilical
Disclaimer: This fact sheet is for education purposes only. Please consult with your doctor or other health professional to make sure this information is right for your child. An Umbilical hernia is an abnormal bulge that can be seen or felt at the umbilicus belly button. These hernias are common in babies. Low birth weight and premature infants are more likely to have an umbilical hernia. Umbilical hernias are due to delayed closure of a small opening in the abdominal wall at the umbilicus.
A hernia occurs when a section of intestine protrudes through a weakness in the abdominal muscles. A soft bulge is seen underneath the skin where the hernia has occurred. A hernia can develop in the first few months after the baby is born because of a weakness in the muscles of the abdomen. Inguinal and umbilical hernias happen for slightly different reasons. As a male fetus grows and matures during pregnancy, the testicles develop in the abdomen and then move down into the scrotum through an area called the inguinal canal. Shortly after the baby is born, the inguinal canal closes, preventing the testicles from moving back into the abdomen.