Bhajan refers to any devotional song with religious theme or spiritual ideas, specifically among Indian religions , in any of the languages from the Indian subcontinent. The term " bhajana " also means sharing. The term ' bhajan ' is also commonly used to refer a group event, with one or more lead singers, accompanied with music, and sometimes dancing. Handheld small cymbals kartals are commonly used to maintain the beat, rhythm. A bhajan may be sung in a temple, in a home, under a tree in the open, near a river bank or a place of historic significance.
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Bhajan refers to any devotional song with religious theme or spiritual ideas, specifically among Indian religions , in any of the languages from the Indian subcontinent.
The term " bhajana " also means sharing. The term ' bhajan ' is also commonly used to refer a group event, with one or more lead singers, accompanied with music, and sometimes dancing.
Handheld small cymbals kartals are commonly used to maintain the beat, rhythm. A bhajan may be sung in a temple, in a home, under a tree in the open, near a river bank or a place of historic significance. As a bhajan has no prescribed form, or set rules, it is in free form, normally lyrical and based on melodic ragas.
Ideas from scriptures, legendary epics, the teachings of saints and loving devotion to a deity are the typical subjects of bhajans. South Indian bhakti pioneers, but bhajans have been widely composed anonymously and shared as a musical and arts tradition. Its genre such as Nirguni, Gorakhanathi, Vallabhapanthi, Ashtachhap, Madhura-bhakti and the traditional South Indian form Sampradya Bhajan each have their own repertoire and methods of singing.
The Sanskrit word bhajan or bhajana is derived from the root bhaj , which means "divide, share, partake, participate, to belong to".
In Hinduism, Bhajan and its Bhakti analog Kirtan , have roots in the ancient metric and musical traditions of the Vedic era, particularly the Samaveda.
The Samaveda Samhita is not meant to be read as a text, it is like a musical score sheet that must be heard. This body is but a guest of four days, a house made of dirt. On this earth your mark is made, a symbol of your good work. Lorenzen . The Vedas and Upanishads celebrate Nada-Brahman , where certain sounds are considered elemental, triggering emotional feelings without necessarily having a literal meaning, and this is deemed sacred, liminal experience of the primeval ultimate reality and supreme truth.
A Bhajan in Hindu traditions is an informal, loosely structured devotional song with music in a regional language. A Bhajan may be sung individually, or more commonly together as a choral event wherein the lyrics include religious or spiritual themes in the local language.
Everyone in Hindu tradition is free to compose a Bhajan with whatever ideas or in praise of any deity of their wish, but since they are sung, they typically follow meters of classical Indian music, the raga and the tala to go with the musical instruments. A Bhajan is closely related to Kirtan , with both sharing common aims, subjects, musical themes and being devotional performance arts.
A Bhajan is more free in form, and can be singular melody that is performed by a single singer with or without one and more musical instruments. Kirtan , in contrast, differs in being a more structured team performance, typically with a call and response musical structure, similar to an intimate conversation or gentle sharing of ideas, and it includes two or more musical instruments,   with roots in the prosody principles of the Vedic era. Many Kirtan are structured for more audience participation, where the singer calls a spiritual chant, a hymn, a mantra or a theme, the audience then responds back by repeating the chant or by chanting back a reply of their shared beliefs.
Stavan is a form of popular and historically pervasive genre of devotional music in Jainism. Jainism rejects any Creator god, but accepts protector deities and rebirth of souls as heavenly beings, and its devotional singing traditions integrate these beliefs.
Stavan may include dancing and worship rituals. Known as Bhajan in north and west Indian regional languages, a Stavan is typically sung as folk melodies by groups of Jain women, and are formal part of ceremonies and celebrations within Jainism. The Sikh tradition places major emphasis on devotional worship to one formless God, and Bhajans are a part of this worship.
A modern Bhajan has no fixed form: it may be as simple as a mantra or kirtan or as sophisticated as the dhrupad , thumri or kriti with music based on classical ragas and talas. Paluskar and V. Bhatkhande have combined Indian classical music with bhajan. The dancer Mallika Sarabhai has produced performances based on bhajans. Bhajans of Vaishnavism , Shaivism , Shaktism traditions, Vedic mantras and Yoga chants have been composed, published in Western musical sheet format or recorded by western singers such as Krishna Das , Deva Premal , Miten , and by various West Indies singers influenced by East Indian heritage.
The Stavan compositions and literature of the Jainism tradition are extensive, with a historic overview provided by Sri Sudhara Stavan Sangrah , traditionally preserved in "puja box" by Jain families. Kripalu Maharaj is one of the modern era bhakti leaders and bhajan-kirtan composers. In olden days, saints such as Mirabai, Soordas, Marsinh Mehta composed several bhajans that are universally sung even today.
A modern age saint, Shri Devendra Ghia Kaka has composed about 10, hymns a phenomenal task. These hymns are related to bhakti, knowledge, devotion, faith, introspection and honesty. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Singing of poems or hymns in Indian traditions. Main traditions. Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers. Other texts. Text classification. Other topics. A lyric from a Hindu Bhajan This body is but a guest of four days, a house made of dirt. Play media. Lochtefeld The Rosen Publishing Group. Kaminsky; Roger D. Long Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature: A-Devo.
Sahitya Akademi. Songs of Experience. Indiana University Press. The Embodiment of Bhakti. US: Oxford University Press. Love Divine: studies in bhakti and devotional mysticism. A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Oxford University Press.
Drama and Ritual of Early Hinduism. Motilal Banarsidass. Lorenzen State University of New York Press. Bruno Nettl; et al. Walter de Gruyter. Psalms and Practice: Worship, Virtue, and Authority. Liturgical Press. Social Movements and the Indian Diaspora. University of Chicago Press. Journal of Hindu-Christian Studies. The Dawn of Indian Music in the West. University of Illinois Press. New World. Whitney Kelting South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia.
Gordon Melton; Martin Baumann Rose lore: essays in cultural history and semiotics. Lexington Books. The true history and the relfigion of India: a concise encyclopedia of authentic hinduism.
A Lady Playing the Tanpura, c.
Bhajan Sangrah (Vol. 1)
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