Epilepsia de la infancia con paroxismos occipitales. Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Is is reported that epilepsy of childhood with occipital paroxysms is an epileptic syndrome that is well defined. It is included in the group of related idiopathic epilepsies with localization. Seizures habitually begin with visual symptoms, which are ocassionally followed by hemiclonic, complex partial, and generalized tonicclonic seizures. The interictal EEG shows spike-wave complexes of occipital and temporal posterior localization that are suppressed by eye opening.
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Epilepsia de la infancia con paroxismos occipitales. Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Is is reported that epilepsy of childhood with occipital paroxysms is an epileptic syndrome that is well defined. It is included in the group of related idiopathic epilepsies with localization. Seizures habitually begin with visual symptoms, which are ocassionally followed by hemiclonic, complex partial, and generalized tonicclonic seizures.
The interictal EEG shows spike-wave complexes of occipital and temporal posterior localization that are suppressed by eye opening.
A patient aged 8 in whom the clinical and electroencephalographic criteria of epilepsy of childhood with occipital paroxysms are present is studied in this paper. Emphasis is made on the apparently benign evolution of this syndrome. Aim of present paper was to direct the attention to topographic coincidence of electroencephalographic paroxysms with structural lesions by neuroimaging facilitating the future therapeutical strategies design.
Comorbilidad del trastorno compulsivo en pacientes con epilepsia. Agnosia integrativa causada por una epilepsia focal occipital izquierda: estudio de caso.
Objetivo: E Este programa es, sin duda alguna, un modelo para otras instituciones que trabajan con personas con discapacidad. Resultados: De 29 pacientes estudiados, 8 masculinos En los grupos de pacientes la media en tiempo para el TMT parte B fue de METHODS: Authors made a descriptive and cross-sectional study in children diagnosed with focal epilepsy two or more non-provoked epilepsy crises, aged from one month to 14, admitted in Neurology Department of "William Soler" Children Hospital between December to December Entre las epilepsias occipitales se deben diferenciar las formas.
Los pacientes con zonas localizadas de atrofia requieren estudios funcionales del cerebro para descartar displasias corticales focales. The aim of present paper was to describe findings by axial tomography AT and magnetic resonance MR in children with epilepsy of difficult control, and to compare results of both techniques. The techniques used were: computed. Epilepsia y mujer. At a two years follow-up, patients concluded the study.
Ley antidiscriminatoria en Colombia. We describe the situation of people with epilepsy through the times, from fi fth century B. The anti-discriminatory law project that was approved by the Colombian Parliament is now in the Constitutional Court and propends for the human rights and appropriate medical attention for them. Objective: To establish the prevalence of specific learning disorders SLD in a series of patients with primary generalized epilepsy.
Full Text Available The progress of epilepsies diagnosis has been great, but, amongst the diagnostic detailing that demand research, one of the most important is the essential lateralization and localization of epileptogenic zone, considered as the cerebral cortex region, that removed, will result in a free state of seizures.
The present study aims to analyze the possible uses of proton spectroscopy for clinical and pre-surgical evaluation of focal extratemporal epilepsies, since this group presents the highest difficulty degree for lateralizing and locating epileptogenic zones. In almost all cases, a non invasive diagnosis can be performed using routine electroencephalography, video-electroencephalography - considered as gold standard, and magnetic resonance imaging.
However, when the results of these exams are contradictory, some patients need invasive techniques, as the intra-cranial video-EEG, using deep electrodes, sub-dural strip and grid, that are associated with increased diagnostic cost and risk of complications, as cerebral hemorrhages and intra-cranial infections.
Proton spectroscopy appears as a possibility, given its capacity to evaluate cerebral metabolism, by N-acetyl-aspartate NAA, creatine Cre and choline Cho concentrations, amongst other metabolites. This non invasive method may provide time reduction of this evaluation and reliable level improvement for this topographical diagnosis.
Calidad de vida relacionada con la salud y trabajo en la epilepsia. Tegretol no tratamento da epilepsia. Os pacientes melhoraram de seus sintomas na grande maioria dos casos, conseguindo adaptar-se melhor no ambiente familiar, profissional e escolar.
Epilepsia de Lafora. Medina, a los integrantes de la Liga contra la Epilepsia , que se ve reflejada en ese aspecto biopsicosocial de la persona con epilepsia. Calendars were provided for these patients, and they were asked to mark their seizure frequency according to the menses.
Calendars were reviewed in each routine medical appointment. Premenstrual seizure worsening was observed in 46 Menstrual worsening was observed in 47 Catamenial worsening was observed in 58 Casi todos los encuestados consideraron que los lineamientos y seminarios mejoraron su capacidad para atender a sus pacientes.
Factores de riesgo en epilepsia. Full Text Available e analizaron 1. Full Text Available Developmental malformations are brain abnormalities that occur during embryogenesis. Neuronal migration disorders, including heterotopic lesions, constitute one type of such abnormalities. The aim of the study was to compare the epileptic clinical patterns of patients with periventricular nodular heterotopia PNH G1 with those affected by subcortical heterotopia SCH G2 looking for differences between both groups which, eventually, might suggest the type of the underlying malformation.
The variables studied in both groups were: type of the heterotopia depicted on MRI studies, sex, age, age at seizure onset, annual seizure frequency, localization of the ictal symptomatogenic zone, characteristics of the EEG, other associated anomalies on the magnetic resonance images MRI besides the heterotopia, and response to treatment. The only difference found between both groups was the type of heterotopia as shown by MRI studies.
No differences in the clinical features characterizing epilepsy could be found in patients with PNH or SCH, being the images the only tool able to differentiate them. El objetivo del estudio fue comparar enfermos portadores de HT periventriculares G1 con aquellos portadores de HT subcorticales G2.
Full Text Available This study evaluated the sequential motor manual actions in children with benign focal epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes BECTS and compares the results with matched control group, through the application of Luria's fist-edge-palm test. Significant difference occurred between the study and control groups for manual motor action through three equal and three different movements.
Children with lower school performance had higher error rate in the imitation of hand gestures. This study may suggest that the functional changes related to epileptiform activity in rolandic region interfere with the executive function in children with BECTS. Full Text Available Radiotherapy in high doses has been used in cases of symptomatic epilepsy with the purpose of to act against the focal epileptic activity, as coadjuvancy to the common medical treatment.
Patients with clinical manifestations of epilepsy in whom convulsive foci were demonstrated in the EEG, have been selected; these foci have been recognized as well localized and well circunscribed, and in all them the etiology has been the same atrophic lesions, according to the clinical and radiological craniogram, pneumoencephalogram and arteriogram examinations.
The purpose of a so homogenous group was to study the results to be obtained in similar conditions. Twenty patients have been selected from a group of forty-eight, because it was possible to obtain a good follow-up for at least three months in each case. In all cases, a medical treatment barbiturate plus hidantoi-nate has been used in uniform manner, with the purpose of avoiding influence on the judgement of the value of radiotherapy, for it was impossible to interrupt the drug therapy.
Radiotherapy has been used in high doses over the epileptic lesion, which had been localized by the EEG. Two different techniques were used; in both kv, 0. Fourteen patients were irradiated in four different areas, of 4 cm. In the other 6 cases the technique of kinetic convergent radiotherapy was employed, using the Siemens apparatus; each patient received, through a cutaneous area, an average doses of 3, r into the focus and 2, r in the skin; they received from r to r in the focus daily.
Studying the twenty cases individually, there was marked EEG improvement in 4, relative improvement in 8 and no change in 8; there was marked decrease in the number of seizures in 8, relative decrease in 10 and no change in 2; the mental status was markedly improved in 7. En 61 crisis con MMFU Statistical model of intensity noise in con focal fluorescence microscopy images.
Starting from con focal fluorescence images of uniformly colored LiF samples, an automatic routine for the estimation of photoluminescence intensity noise has been developed at the Solid State Laser Laboratory and Spectroscopy of the ENEA Research Center in Frascati. We reported experimental results about application of that routine to the photoluminescence of LiF thin films, uniformly irradiated with an X-ray tube with energy spectrum centered on the Cu K? Epilepsia y anticonceptivos.
Es conocido que las terapias anticonvulsivantes pueden disminuir la efectividad de los anticonceptivos hormonales. In this paper we review the current information regarding the use of new antiepileptic drugs AEDs used as monotherapy in children.
All of these AEDs have a broad spectrum of action in the treatment of partial and generalized seizures, except Oxcarbazepine, which is effective only in partial seizures. More studies are needed to answer these questions.
Describimos en un paciente, un episodio de bostezos y crisis parcial compleja mientras dormitaba. A epilepsia nos tumores cerebrais. Rasmussen's encephalitis presenting as focal cortical dysplasia. Full Text Available Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare syndrome characterized by intractable seizures, often associated with epilepsia partialis continua and symptoms of progressive hemispheric dysfunction.
Seizures are usually the hallmark of presentation, but antiepileptic drug treatment fails in most patients and is ineffective against epilepsia partialis continua, which often requires surgical intervention. Co-occurrence of focal cortical dysplasia has only rarely been described and may have implications regarding pathophysiology and management. We describe a rare case of dual pathology of Rasmussen's encephalitis presenting as a focal cortical dysplasia FCD and discuss the literature on this topic.
O'Rourke, D. Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare syndrome characterized by intractable seizures, often associated with epilepsia partialis continua and symptoms of progressive hemispheric dysfunction. Dentro del grupo refractario debemos descartar la presencia de una displasia cortical como causa subyacente de las crisis. Las displasias corticales son un tipo de malformaciones del desarrollo co No significant differences were found in connection with their distribution among children under one year old and those between 1 and 3 years old.
Difficulties were observed to classify 28 patients according to Epilepsy and Epileptic Syndromes, where as their distribution and characteristics were analyzed.
EEG results in relation to the paroxyntic activity are briefly commented and the most observed syndromes are presented.
The con focal laser scanning microscope: a powerful tool for the investigation of micro devices and nano structures. In the last years the Con focal Laser Scanning Microscope CLSM , a versatile and powerful optical instrument, gained a strong increase of interest in the scientific community, not only for biological applications, but also for the characterization of materials, microstructures and devices.
The conditions that favoured its wide diffusion are surely the large availability of laser sources and powerful computer-imaging and data-processing systems at relatively low cost; however, the main reason that contributed to its popularity is the ability to obtain tri dimensional reconstruction of a great variety of biological and non-biological samples with sub micrometric resolution. Some of the results obtained in the characterization of luminescent micro and nano structures based on lithium fluoride color centers will be presented [it.
Epilepsia partialis continua responsive to neocortical electrical stimulation. Epilepsia partialis continua EPC , defined as a syndrome of continuous focal jerking, is a rare form of focal status epilepticus that usually affects a distal limb, and when prolonged, can produce long-lasting deficits in limb function.
Substantial electrophysiologic evidence links the origin of EPC to the motor cortex; thus surgical resection carries the risk of significant handicap. We present two patients with focal , drug-resistant EPC, who were admitted for intracranial video-electroencephalography monitoring to elucidate the location of the epileptogenic focus and identification of eloquent motor cortex with functional mapping.
In both cases, the focus resided at or near eloquent motor cortex and therefore precluded resective surgery. Following permanent implantation of cortical stimulators, no adverse effects were noted.
Objetivo: E Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Insular epilepsy has been rarely reported and its clinical and electrographic features are poorly understood. The electrographic study of the insula is difficult since it is hidden from the brain surface by the frontal and temporal lobe. A 48 years-old woman started having simple partial autonomic and complex partial seizures with automatisms and ictal left arm paresis 8 years prior to admission. Seizure's frequency was 1 per week.
Guillermo C. Belerenian ProfesorTitularde PatologiaM6dica. Universidad SalvadorMazza. Mendoza, Argentina. Campode Jaboticabal. San Pablo,Brasil.