Hermann Ebbinghaus , born January 24, , Barmen, Rhenish Prussia [Germany]—died February 26, , Halle , Germany , German psychologist who pioneered in the development of experimental methods for the measurement of rote learning and memory. Ebbinghaus received a Ph. Shortly thereafter he became assistant professor at the Friedrich-Wilhelm University, Berlin, a post he held until , when he was appointed professor at the University of Breslau. Using himself as a subject for observation, Ebbinghaus devised 2, three-letter nonsense syllables for measuring the formation of mental associations.
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Wolfe, Harry Kirke 10 November —30 July , psychologist, was born in Bloomington, Illinois, the son of Jacob Vance Wolfe, a farmer, lawyer, and land commissioner, and Eliza Ellen Batterton, a college professor of mathematics. Wolfe was thirteen years old when his family moved to a farm near Lincoln, Nebraska. He graduated from the University of Nebraska in with a concentration in philosophy. After teaching in Nebraska public schools for three years, he enrolled at the University of Berlin to pursue a doctorate in the classics.
There he encountered Hermann Ebbinghaus, whose pioneering studies on memory drew Wolfe to the fledgling science of psychology. In the fall of he enrolled at the University of Leipzig, where in he became the second American to earn a doctorate in psychology from Wilhelm Wundt, who is generally recognized as the founder of the science of psychology. You do not currently have access to this article. Please login to access the full content. Printed from American National Biography.
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