The Thirty-Six Stratagems is a Chinese essay used to illustrate a series of stratagems used in politics, war, and civil interaction. Its focus on the use of cunning and deception both on the battlefield and in court have drawn comparisons to Sun Tzu's The Art of War. Zhang Yingyu's The Book of Swindles , a late-Ming-dynasty work focused on the realms of commerce and civil society, shares some thematic similarities. As thirty-six is the square of six, it therefore acted as a metaphor for numerous strategies. Instead, the prevailing view is that the Thirty-Six Stratagems may have originated in both written and oral history, with many different versions compiled by different authors throughout Chinese history. Some stratagems reference occurrences in the time of Sun Bin , approx.
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The 36 stratageme are a set of powerful Chinese aphorisms embodying the essence of the ancient Chinese Art of Cunning. First mentioned about 1, years ago, the 36 Stratagems were committed to paper around years ago, and have gained in popularity in Chinese business circles since the s, I have read.
The books were a long time unknown to the Western world, though today most business people who have working relationships in Chinahave read at least one book by the sinologist Professor Harro Von Senger.
Entertaining and thought provoking, I dare to differ that the Western mind will always struggle with understanding the stratageme. Without a long term knowledge and integration into the Chinese culture, the correct application in management and in business will probably remain a challenge? Below a short introduction in German by Von Senger to the stratageme as it is difficult to find online. He established basic categories of the 36 Strategems and the Chinese Art of Cunning in this overview:.
The International Marketing Blog. By Esther Federspiel on December International Communication. Author: Kimberley Jeker The 36 stratageme are a set of powerful Chinese aphorisms embodying the essence of the ancient Chinese Art of Cunning. He established basic categories of the 36 Strategems and the Chinese Art of Cunning in this overview: 1.
Strategem Nr. Simulationsstrategeme: Das Entziehen oder Verbergen einer vorhandenenWirklichkeit. Srategem Nr. Share this: Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. Previous Article The challenges of location promotion. Next Article Surprise! Making online communication personal. Comments are closed. Simulationsstrategeme : Vorspiegelung einer nicht vorhandenen Wirklichkeit. Informationsstrategeme: Vermittlung einer unbekannten Wirklichkeit.
Chinese Art of Cunning – The 36 Strategeme