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The answer turns out to be undecidable. A fiction unfolds within another fiction; however, none of them have primacy; the copy the fictitious fiction becomes independent from the original the alleged true fiction ; a simulacrum comes to the floor. How powerful is the latter? To what extent might a fiction transform life, rescue it from banality, or transfigure it? These questions encourage us to hazard the paradoxical hypothesis of there being a copy with aura.
By this hypothesis as we subvert the traditional association between aura and originality , it is the very transforming power of art with regard to life that remains at stake, beyond and independently of the bankruptcy of the distinction between original and copy. Save to Library. Notas sobre a actualidade do caso Wagner. Amar ou partir. Como rasgar o firmamento? Paradox and Critique. How political is music? Disagreeing before acting: on the paradoxical uses of critique today.
We are bound to realize, as we look back to the past without losing sight of the present, that questioning critique, in both theoretical and practical terms, inevitably amounts to facing a heterogeneous range of philosophical and We are bound to realize, as we look back to the past without losing sight of the present, that questioning critique, in both theoretical and practical terms, inevitably amounts to facing a heterogeneous range of philosophical and political stances that ultimately breaches the alleged unity of the concept.
This apparently anodyne indication, however, might lead us to a crucial hypothesis about the politics of critique: that disagreement lies at the heart of the concept of critique and determines its uses through and through.
Rather than a flaw, a paradox would be a means of critique, as it discursively unfolds in order to break generalized consensus, and foster scenes of disagreement in which politics takes place. From this perspective, and raising the question of how theory relates to or becomes practice the question of the politics of critique , I shall develop the inquiry one step further and place it against the background of the recent crisis-driven proliferation of protesting activity from the occupy movement to the experience of urban riots in order to ponder the current necessity of thinking the articulation of theory and practice beyond the procrustean bed of a normative critique.
One main, twofold question arises: how could a paradoxical use of critique provide us with a theoretical-practical tool in order both to counter the legal neutralization e.
Though I will not discuss all the implications of these questions, I assume that they permeate, at least implicitly, most of the recent and less recent research on the relationship between opera and cinema. So one might keep them in mind, so to speak, as a non-diagetic conceptual background for my argument.
The fact that Benjamin likens the task of the translator to the exercise of criticism makes it all the more useful for my purpose, which is to address the question of how successful a given filmic treatment of a given opera can be, without losing sight of the connection between the aesthetic, historical and political aspects of the work. At least one conclusion — not without consequences for the questions addressed above — is to be drawn from this discussion: that the meaningfulness of a particular film-opera is in principle independent from a more general judgement, whatever it might be, about the fate of opera as a genre.
Notes pour une politique du geste musical. Duarte org. How does the spectator act? Despite their huge differences, both Brecht and Artaud would have shared such an assumption, inasmuch as according to them the spectator should either gain distance toward the spectacle, in order to become actively critical regarding the social situation represented Brecht , or to abolish that distance once for all so as to get involved in the very action performed Artaud.
So viewed, they both may be said to have disregarded the peculiar kind of activity at stake in spectatorship. It begins when we understand that viewing is also an action that confirms or transforms this distribution of positions. The spectator also acts, like the pupil or scholar. She observes, selects, compares, interprets. This question takes on the form of the problem to which my paper aims to bring, if not a solution, an attempt of response.
Two facts influenced such a theoretical choice. In fact, Benjamin conceived of translation as having a completely autonomous purpose. In other words, although a translation is not a mere means for a text to be read in a different language, the task of the translator is independent from that of the poet. To that extent it would enlarge the means of expression of the language into which the text is being translated, rather than become idiomatic.
Drawing on the original, but unfolding beyond its form and contents, the translation constitutes a process, which might analogically shed light on the very activity involved in being a spectator, and thus clarify the hypothesis that a spectator may lend meaning to the work he or she comes across without reducing the latter to a mere, interchangeable, pretext.
This article develops the hypothesis that the paradoxical character of critique the fact that it questions its own grounds is not an obstacle to, but a condition of, its theoretical and practical effectiveness. In order to clarify and Romantic Affinities?
Cavell on Opera, Film, and the Claim of Expression. For him, they represent two historically distant And yet, film provides a different — more optimistic — response, on account of which cinema may be seen as both an inheritor and a competitor of opera. The second line of thought interests me more, in that it leads to a couple of philosophical questions I aim to discuss in a critical manner.
Are there consequences to be drawn from such an assumption in terms of time being more crucial than space to characterize the human experience? What kind of music is required to meet such an expressive demand? Is Romantic music, by virtue of its pervasive influence over the listener, to take the lead? This antithesis, however, operates within the immanent logic of music, not at the level of social or communicative practices. Hence, Adorno is generally credited with a defence of modernism in music and is often seen as occupying a parallel position to that of Greenberg in visual arts.
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Department of Musicology
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Dialectica Del Iluminismo by Max Horkheimer Theodor Adorno